Below you'll find some resources for logic and the history of philosophy. As regards history of philosophy, there are some texts, sometimes in the original language, sometimes in translation (some by me, some by others). There are also some links to other useful resources.
Introduction to Logic: Truth-Functional Logic, First-Order Logic
forall x: an excellent open access introductory textbook by P.D. Magnus available in PDF format.
This text has been modified and expanded in order to meet needs of other logic courses and so there are various versions or so-called 'remixes':
forall x (Cambridge) [modification and expansion of P.D. Magnus's original text by Tim Button] (recommended)
forall x (Lorain County) [modification and expansion of P.D. Magnus's original text by J. Robert Loftis]
forall x (Calgary) [modification and expansion of P.D. Magnus's original text by R. Zach & A. Thomas-Bolduc]
History of Philosophy
- Fragments [texts]
- Commentary, Kirk, Raven & Schofield, The Presocratic Philosophers (second edition), pp. 184-191 (purchase the book here)
Parmenides & Zeno
- Fragments (Parmenides and Zeno)[texts]
- Parmenides fragments 1-8, Kirk, Raven & Schofield, The Presocratic Philosophers (second edition), pp. 245-253 [fragments, commentary] (purchase the book here) [NB: the Greek text of Fr. 8]
- Fragments [texts]
The Allegory of the Cave (Links)
- a YouTube video by 8-bit philosophy; another YouTube video, by Learnoutloud; and a video by PhilosophyBro. More Allegory of the Cave videos (by openculture.com), including: an animated version narrated by Orson Welles; and a video using clay models.
Link: A. Falcon, 'Aristotle on Causality', Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Link: T. Ainsworth, 'Form vs. Matter', Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- Fear of Death [texts]
- Fate and Human Action [texts]
- On Free Choice (De Libero Arbitrio) extracts [texts]
- The Argument for God's Existence (Proslogion) [texts]
Link: T. Williams, 'Saint Anselm', Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Link: G. Oppy, 'Ontological Arguments', Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- Historia Calamitatum (Story of Troubles) [texts]
- Metaphysics and Language
- Arguments for God's Existence (including the so-called 'Five Ways') (Summa Theologiae; Summa Contra Gentiles) [texts]
- The Beginning of Created Things (Summa Theologiae) [texts]
- God's Providence (Summa Theologiae) [texts]
- The Argument to Design (Dialogues concerning Natural Religion) [texts]
- Miracles (An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding) [texts]
Link (Further Reading): P. Dawid & D. Gillies (1989), ‘A Bayesian Analysis of Hume's Argument Concerning Miracles’, Philosophical Quarterly.
Tamer Nawar © 2015